Model of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment


  • Heri Setiawan Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • Yusleli Herawati Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • Esya Alhadi Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • A. Jalaludin Sayuti Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • Rini Rini Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • Jusmawi Bustan Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya
  • Lidia Desiana Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang



Leadership Style, , Psychological Capital, , Organizational Commitment, , Job Satisfaction, , MSMEs


This research focuses on task-oriented leadership styles that have paid very little attention, especially in assessing the impact of task-oriented leadership styles. leadership style on psychological capital, job satisfaction and employee organizational commitment. This research further develops research on the relationship between leadership style, psychological capital, job satisfaction and employee organizational commitment in SMEs in Indonesia, especially in the city of Palembang.The research design is a research plan, namely a detailed explanation of the entire research plan starting from the formulation of the problem, objectives, description of the relationship between variables. The number of samples in this study was 180. It was found that the leadership style variable had an effect on job satisfaction, the psychological capital variable had an effect on satisfaction work, leadership style variables affect organizational commitment, psychological capital variables affect organizational commitment, and job satisfaction variables affect organizational commitment


Adeyemi, J. K. (2022). Workplace Conflict On Productivity and Emotional Stability of Employee. International Journal of Management and Business Applied, 1(2), Article 2.

Allen, NJ and Meyer, JP (1990), “The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization”, Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol. 63 No. 1, pp. 1-18.

Alonderiene, R. and Majauskaite, M. (2016), “Leadership style and job satisfaction in higher education institutions”, International Journal of Educational Management, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 140-164.

Al-Sada, M., Al-Esmael, B. and Faisal, M. (2017), "Influence of organizational culture and leadership style on employee satisfaction, commitment and motivation in the educational sector in Qatar", Euro Med Journal of Business , Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 163-188.

Andriani, J. (2022). Analysis of Employee Recruitment At PT BTPN Syariah Tangerang Selatan Branch. Adpebi Science Series, Proceedings of Adpebi International Conference on Management, Education, Social Science, Economics and Technology (AICMEST), 1(1), Article 1.

Ansori, P. B. (2021). The Influence of Leadership and Motivation on the Performance of an Educational Institution: A Case Study. International Journal of Islamic Business and Management Review, 1(1), Article 1.

Avey, JB, Reichard, RJ, Luthans, F. and Mhatre, KH (2011), “Meta-analysis of the impact of positive psychological capital on employee attitudes, behaviors, and performance”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 127-152.

Avolio, BJ and Gardner, WL (2005), “Authentic leadership development: getting to the root of positive forms of leadership”, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 16 No. 3, pp. 315-338.

Babalola, SS (2016), "The effect of leadership style, job satisfaction and employee-supervisor relationship on job performance and organizational commitment", Journal of Applied Business Research, Vol. 32 No. 3, pp. 935-945.

Bergheim, K., Nielsen, MB, Mearns, K. and Eid, J. (2015), "The relationship between psychological capital, job satisfaction, and safety perceptions in the maritime industry", Safety Science, Vol. 74, pp. 27-36.

Bhatti, N., Maitlo, GM, Shaikh, N., Hashmi, MA and Shaikh, FM (2012), “The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction”, International Business Research, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 192-201.

Bonds, AA (2017), “Employees' organizational commitment and turnover intentions”, Thesis of Doctor of Business Administration, Walden University

Capelli, P. (2000), “Managing without commitment”, Organizational Dynamics, Vol. 28 No. 4, pp. 11-24.

Carver, CS and Scheier, MS (2002), “Optimism”, in Snyder, CR and Lopez, SJ (Eds), Handbook of Positive Psychology, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 231-243.

Çavus¸, MF and Gokçen, A. (2015), “Psychological capital: definition, components and effects”, British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioral Science, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 244-255.

Dahlan, D., & Nurhayati, M. (2022). The Effect of Green Innovation on Organizational Performance: Role of Enterprise Risk Management As A Mediation Variable. Asean International Journal of Business, 1(2), Article 2.

Etebarian, A., Tavakoli, S. and Abzari, M. (2012), "The relationship between psychological capital and organizational commitment", African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 6 No. 14, pp. 5057-5050.

Fang, YC, Chen, JY, Wang, MJ and Chao-Ying Chen, CY (2019), “The impact of inclusive leadership on employees' innovative behaviors: the mediation of psychological capital”, Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10, p. 1083.

Febrina, W., & Fitriana, W. (2022). Exponential Weight Moving Average (EWMA) Control Chart for Quality Control of Crude Palm Oil Product. International Journal of Management and Business Applied, 1(1), Article 1.

Gardner, WL, Avolio, BJ, Luthans, F., May, DR and Walumbwa, F. (2005), “Can you see the real me? A self-based model of authentic leader and follower development”, The Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 16 No. 3, pp. 343-372.

Gebremichael, H. and Rao, BP (2013), “Job satisfaction and organizational commitment between academic staff and supporting staff (Volaita Sodo University-Ethiopia as a Case)”, Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, Vol. 11, p. 11-32.

Ghozali, I. 2005. Application of Multivariate Analysis with the SPSS Program, Third Edition. Semarang. Diponegoro University Publishing Agency

Gooty, J., Gavin, M., Johnson, PD, Frazier, ML and Snow, DB (2009), "In the eyes of the beholder", Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 353-367.

Hadian, D. (2017), "The relationship between organizational culture and organizational commitment to public service quality; perspective local government in Bandung, Indonesia”, International Review of Management and Marketing, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 230-237.

Hong, G., Cho, Y., Froese, FJ and Shin, M. (2016), “The effect of leadership styles, rank, and seniority on affective organizational commitment”, Cross Cultural and Strategic Management, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 340-362.

Idris, AM and Manganaro, M. (2017), "Relationships between psychological capital, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment in the Saudi oil and petrochemical industries", Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, Vol. 27 No. 4, pp. 251-269.

Iskamto, D. (2020). The Role of Leadership and Influence on Employee Performance in Digital Era. Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis, 17(4), 470–484.

Iskamto, D. (2022). Does Career Development Effect on Professionalism? : A Case Study of State Civil Apparatus in Indonesia. International Journal of Management and Business Applied, 1(1), Article 1.

Iskamto, D., Srimulatsih, M., & Ansori, P. B. (2021). Analysis of Relationship between Leadership and Employee Performance at Manufactur Company in Indoenesia. Proceedings of the 11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 8.

Kalleberg, AL (1977), “Work values and job rewards: a theory of job satisfaction”, American Sociological Review, Vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 124-143.

Kaplan, M. and Bickes, DM (2013), “The relationship between psychological capital and job satisfaction: a study of hotel businesses in Nevs¸ehir”, Yonetim ve Economics, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 233-242.

Kaplan, M., Ogut, E., Kaplan, A. and Aksay, K. (2012), "The relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment: the case of hospital employees", World Journal of Management, Vol. 4, pp. 22-29.

Karim, K. (2022). The Effect of Work Stress on Employee Performance. Asean International Journal of Business, 1(1), 24–33.

Kim, HG and Kim, JG (2015), "A cross-level study of transformational leadership and organizational affective commitment in the Korean local governments: mediating the role of procedural justice and moderating the role of culture types based on competing values framework", Leadership, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 158-185.

Kim, WG and Brymer, RA (2011), "The effects of ethical leadership on manager job satisfaction, commitment, behavioral outcomes, and firm performance", International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 30, p. 1020-1026.

Kong, F., Tsai, CH, Tsai, FS, Huang, W. and Cruz, SM (2018), “Psychological capital research: a meta-analysis and implications for management sustainability”, Sustainability, Vol. 10, p. 3457.

Kotter, JP (1990), A Force for Change: How Leadership Differs from Management, Free Press, New York.

Laschinger, HKS and Fida, R. (2014), “New nurses burnout and workplace wellbeing: the influence of authentic leadership and psychological capital”, Burnout Research, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 19-28.

Locke, EA (1969), "What is job satisfaction?", Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 309-336.

Lok, P. and Crawford, J. (1999), "The relationship between commitment and organizational culture, subculture, leadership style and job satisfaction in organizational change and development", The Leadership and Organization Development Journal, Vol. 20 No. 7, pp. 365-374.

Luthans, F. (2011), Organizational Behavior: An Evidence-Based Approach, McGraw-Hill Irwin, New York.

Luthans, F., Avey, JB, Avolio, BJ and Peterson, SJ (2010), “The development and resulting performance impact of positive psychological capital”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 41-67.

Masten, AS and Reed, MGJ (2002), “Resilience in development”, in Snyder, CR and Lopez, SJ (Eds), Handbook of Positive Psychology, Oxford University Press, pp. 74-88.

McMurray, AJ, Pirola-Merlo, A., Sarros, JC and Islam, MM (2010), “Leadership, climate, psychological capital, commitment, and wellbeing in a non-profit organization”, The Leadership and Organization Development Journal, Vol . 31 No. 5, pp. 436-457.

Newman, A., Ucbasaran, D., Zhu, FEI and Hirst, G. (2014), “Psychological capital: a review and synthesis”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 35 No. S1, pp. 120-138.

Nguyen, DT and Nguyen, TMT (2012), "Psychological capital, quality of work life, and quality of life of marketers: evidence from Vietnam", Journal of Macro marketing, Vol. 32 No. 1, pp. 87-95.

Ozsahin, M., Zehirb, C. and Acar, AZ (2011), “Linking leadership style to firm performance: the mediating effect of the learning orientation”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 24, pp. 1546-1559.

Ozturk, AB, Hancer, M. and Im, JY (2014), "Job characteristics, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment for hotel workers in Turkey", Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 294-313.

Rego, P., Lopes, MP and Nascimento, JL (2016), "Authentic leadership and organizational commitment: the mediating role of positive psychological capital", Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 129-151

Saleem, H. (2015), "The impact of leadership styles on job satisfaction and mediating the role of perceived organizational politics", Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 172, pp. 563-569.

Schneider, SL (2001), "In search of realistic optimism: meaning, knowledge, and warm fuzziness", American Psychologist, Vol. 56 No. 3, pp. 250-263

Sen, C., Mert, IS and Aydin, O. (2017), “The effects of positive psychological capital on employee's job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and ability to cope with stress”, Journal of Academic Research in Economics, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 164-184.

Shoaib, A., Zainab, N., Maqsood, H. and Sana, R. (2013), “Impact of organizational culture on organizational commitment: a comparative study of public and private organizations”, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 5, pp. 15-20.

Snyder, CR, Rand, KL and Sigmon, DR (2002), “Hope theory: a member of the positive psychology family”, in Snyder, CR and Lopez, SJ (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology, Oxford University Press, pp. 257-276.

Sugiyono. 2010. Educational Research Methods Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Approaches. Bandung: Alphabet

Top, M. and Gider, O. (2013), “Interaction of organizational commitment and job satisfaction of nurses and medical secretaries in Turkey”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 24, pp. 667-683.

Wang, Y., Tsai, CH, Tsai, FS, Huang, W. and Cruz, SM (2018), "Antecedents and consequences of psychological capital of entrepreneur", Sustainability, Vol. 10, p. 3717.

Yiing, HL and Ahmad, KZB (2009), "The moderating effects of organizational culture on the relationships between leadership behavior and organizational commitment and between organizational commitment and job satisfaction and performance", The Leadership and Organization Development Journal, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 53-86.

Yousef, DA (2016), "Organizational commitment, job satisfaction and attitudes toward organizational change: a study in the local government", International Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 40 No. 1, pp. 77-88.

Yucel, I. and Bektas, C. (2012), “Job satisfaction, organizational commitment and demographic characteristics among teachers in Turkey: younger is better?”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 46, pp. 1598-1608.

Yukl, G. (2012), “Effective leadership behavior: what we know and what questions need more attention”, Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol. 26 No. 4, pp. 66-85.

Yukl, GA (2001), Leadership in Organizations, 5th ed., Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ.




How to Cite

Setiawan, H. ., Herawati, Y. ., Alhadi, E. ., Sayuti, A. J. ., Rini, R., Bustan, J. ., & Desiana, L. (2023). Model of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment. Asean International Journal of Business, 2(1), 35–48.