Author Guidelines

The Manuscripts

  1. The manuscripts represent academic research in Business economics discipline. It should contribute novelty or state-of-the-art for academic development or real world application or both. The sentences should be plain and straightforward to avoid ambiguities.
  2. When submitting the manuscript, the author should provide a letter states that the manuscripts have never been, or under consideration to be, published in other journal publications.

Structure of The Manuscripts

  1. Title. The title should be clear and informative, but does not exceed 10 words.
  2.  Author's names and institutions. The author's names should be accompanied by the author's institutions and an email account, without any academic title. For a joint paper, one of the authors should be notified as the corresponding author.
  3. Abstract, keywords, and JEL classification numbers. The abstract should be less than 200 words. Please provide the abstract in both English and Indonesian versions. The key words should be of 3 to 5 words or phrases. Please provide at least one JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) classification number that suits your manuscript, which is available at
  4. Introduction. This section explains the background of the study, a review on the previous researches in the area, and aims of the manuscripts. It should be written without numbers and/or pointers.
  5. Methods. This section describes the tools of analysis along with the data and their sources.
  6. Results and Discussion. This section explains the results of the study.
  7. Conclusion. This section concludes and provides policy implications, if any, of the study. The conclusion(s) should be at the same order with ones discussed in the body of the manuscript.
  8. Acknowledgment. Acknowledgment, if any, should be written as the foot-note of the manuscript's title.
  9. References. This section lists only the papers, books, or other types of publications referred in the body of the manuscript.

Subjects and Authors Index

The authors should provide an index of subject, namely the specific terms in the manuscript. The authors should also provide the index of authors, namely the key authors of papers referred in the manuscript. Please write the family name followed by the given name.

Specific Writing Format

  1. Estimation result from a software package is not allowed to be directly presented in the paper. They should be presented in equations with the appropriate estimation results, or in a table summary.
  2. Any table should contain only heading and contents. Please provide only the top and bottom lines, along with the line(s) that separate the heading and the contents. Note(s) and source(s) should be included underneath the table if appropriate. Example:

 General Writing Format

  1. The manuscript is prepared in a A4 paper, single-sided, and single line spacing format. A new paragraph should start 5 characters from the left margin, using 12-size, Calilbri font type.
  2. The manuscript is written in proper English, either British English.
  3. The manuscript should be between 12 to 15 pages long.
  4. The top and bottom margins are 1 inch.
  5. The title is written using capital letters only at first word or special name (example: location name), 14 font size, center position.
  6. Sub titles are written using capital letters only at first word or special name, 12 font size, started from the left margin.
  7. Sub of sub titles, if any, are written using capital letters only at first word or special name. They should be started from the left margin.
  8. Sub of sub of sub titles, if any, are written using capital letters only at the beginning of each word except for connecting words, all in italics. They should be started from the left margin.
  9. References should be those of the last ten years publication (>80%), except for key references (80%). Referring to any textbook should be minimized (<20%).


References (use APA 7th edition). Don’t put extra references which are not cited in the text. Editorial board suggest Grammarly, Mendeley, and Zotero while preparing a good quality of manuscript


Reference to a Book publication:

Ullman, J. B., & Bentler, P. M. (2003). Structural equation modeling. Handbook of psychology, 607-634.

Acock, A. C. (2013). Discovering structural equation modeling using Stata. Stata Press books.

Grace, J. B. (2006). Structural equation modeling and natural systems. Cambridge University Press.

Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford publications.

 Reference to a Journal Publication:

Ashraf, M. A., Alam, M. M. D., & Alexa, L. (2021). Making decision with an alternative mind-set: Predicting entrepreneurial intention toward f-commerce in a cross-country context. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 60 doi:10.1016/j.jretconser.2021.102475

Afthanorhan, A., Mamun, A. A., Zainol, N. R., Foziah, H., & Awang, Z. (2020). Framing the retirement planning behavior model towards sustainable wellbeing among youth: The moderating effect of public profiles. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(21), 1-24. doi:10.3390/su12218879

Abadi, B., Mahdavian, S., & Fattahi, F. (2021). The waste management of fruit and vegetable in wholesale markets: Intention and behavior analysis using path analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279 doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123802

Nasir, A., Farooq, U., & Khan, A. (2021). Conceptual and influential structure of takaful literature: A bibliometric review. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, doi:10.1108/IMEFM-04-2020-0192